Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Einstein "Science is Never Finished"

I was reading a Marianne Moore's poem "The Student"and ran across a quote from Einstein:


American student asks Einstein ‘When will/your experiment be finished?’, and is given the reply ‘Science/is never finished’.



Conveniently, Moore footnoted her poems, though, inconveniently, only sparsely. She cites simply the New York Times as her source, so doing an archive search, I found the Einstein quote in this December 18, 1931 article, but the entire article is behind an evil greedy 1% firewall:

"EINSTEINS IN COLON ON WAY TO COAST; Scientist Hopes to Spend Nine Weeks, Continuing Studies at Mt. Wilson Observatory. IS SILENT ON RETURN PLANS But Frau Einstein Says They Will Not Cross United States on Account of Newspaper Men"

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES;
   
December 18, 1931, [ DISPLAYING ABSTRACT ] COLON, Dec. 17.--Professor Albert Einstein and Frau Einstein, darkly tanned and smiling after a long sea voyage, are en route to California, where Dr. Einstein will continue his studies at Mount Wilson Observatory....

http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00714FF345D1B7A93CAA81789D95F458385F9

"Professor Albert Einstein and Frau Einstein, darkly tanned and smiling after a long ... when it would be finished he smiled and replied, 'Science is never finished.'"

Apparently, Moore liked to ask and answer he own questions during interviews, from Rachel Buxton's June 7, 2007 "The Review of English Studies" article "MARIANNE MOORE AND THE POETICS OF PRAGMATISM"

"Moore saw scientific thought and poetry-writing as having much in common. Both, she believed, were types of encounter with a universe in flux. In an interview with Donald Hall in 1960 she asks:

'Do the poet and the scientist not work analogously? They are willing to waste effort. Bronowski says in the new 'Post' that science is not a mere collection of discoveries, but that science is the process of discovering. In any case it’s not a thing established once and for all, it’s evolving.'"
 

So, all of this is in sharp contrast to former Obama spokesperson, Gibbs, who believes that the "science is settled" wrt global warming/climate change.






 If I have to choose between Einstein and Gibbs, I'm going with Einstein.







Sunday, April 13, 2014

A Very Merry unBirthday to Albrecht Dürer

Albrecht Dürer's actual birthday is May 21, 1471, but, as we all recall from Lewis Carroll's Alice, we have 364 unbirthdays:




Ian Stewart's describes the history of magic squares in his January 1997 "Scientific American" article "Mathematical Recreations: Alphamagic Squares", citing  Dürer's engraving of Melencolia I




















And zooming in on the upper right hand corner to show the magic square:























Since the original SciAm article is now behind a firewall, Science Frontiers ONLINE  No. 110: Mar-Apr 1997 goes into detail about logic of the "logorithm" of alphamagic squares.


A German alphamagic square from p 108 of SciAm article in homage to Albrecht Dürer:

fünfundvierzig zweiundsechzig achtundfünfzig
(45,14) (62,14) (58,14)
achtundsechzig fünfundfünfzig zweiundvierzig
(68,14) (55,14) (42,14)
zweiundfünfzig achtundvierzig fünfundsechzig
(52,14) (48,14) (65,14)




Random Bible verses in Secular Films and Secular Music in Sermons and the Kentucky Derby

I surprised when I watched "Secretariat," the film about the Kentucky Derby winning horse, that it opened with a Bible quote from Job  39:19-24

1 9 “Do you give the horse its strength
or clothe its neck with a flowing mane?
20 Do you make it leap like a locust,
striking terror with its proud snorting?
21 It paws fiercely, rejoicing in its strength,
and charges into the fray.
22 It laughs at fear, afraid of nothing;
it does not shy away from the sword.
23 The quiver rattles against its side,
along with the flashing spear and lance.
24 In frenzied excitement it eats up the ground;
it cannot stand still when the trumpet sounds.
 
Conversely, Fr. Cedric in his sermon on Mark 1:35-39


Jesus Prays in a Solitary Place

35 Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house and went off to a solitary place, where he prayed. 36 Simon and his companions went to look for him, 37 and when they found him, they exclaimed: “Everyone is looking for you!”

38 Jesus replied, “Let us go somewhere else—to the nearby villages—so I can preach there also. That is why I have come.” 39 So he traveled throughout Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and driving out demons.

 
"Prayer is Dangerous"






mentioned that his personal theme song is "There's Got to Be a Morning After"




which, unbeknownst to me, is from the film "The Poseidon Adventure". I was familiar with the song from FM Easy Listening radio and was unaware that it had ever been part of a film soundtrack, though it also seems to have been subsequently referenced in "South Park" with backward lyrics to ward off succubi:






Fr Cedric also said that he liked a Gospel song he described as "Thank You Jesus for Just Getting Me Up" which I couldn't find. Possibly he was referencing "I Just Want To Thank You" with lyrics:

He woke me up this morning
And started me on my way
I've got food to eat, shoes on my feet
And He let me see another day
Thank You for being so good






Fr Cedric also mentioned that he liked to go on retreats at the New Camaldoli Hermitage, which I had also never heard of. It's located by the beach in  Big Sur, California and apparently run by ecumenical post Vatican II hippy monks according to yelp reviews.











I thought that this was the oceanside location for the fictional St Francis Retreat in the "Perry Mason" episode "The Case of the Renegade Refugee". However, that was the Serra Retreat in Malibu, California instead, which, apparently still hosts corporate retreats according to yelp, and, hopefully, no Perry Mason murder mysteries.

The Big Sur, California monks apparently make brandy soaked fruitcake.  However, there is also a monastery in Trappist, KY (who knew there were so many monks in America?) who make Kentucky bourbon soaked fruitcake.  So, next month, to be ecumenical, you can chow down on a dessert plate of various alcoholic fruitcakes after sipping Mint Juleps and watching the Kentucky Derby with some Kentucky Fried Chicken, and, of course, wearing an awesome hat.




Arthur Schopenhauer , Saul Alinsky , Ginger Rogers , & the Koch Brothers

Charles G. Koch in his April 2, 2014 Wall Street Journal article  "Charles Koch: I'm Fighting to Restore a Free Society: Instead of welcoming free debate, collectivists engage in character assassination"
 
"Instead of encouraging free and open debate, collectivists strive to discredit and intimidate opponents. They engage in character assassination. (I should know, as the almost daily target of their attacks.) This is the approach that Arthur Schopenhauer described in the 19th century, that Saul Alinsky famously advocated in the 20th, and that so many despots have infamously practiced. Such tactics are the antithesis of what is required for a free society—and a telltale sign that the collectivists do not have good answers."

I was unaware of Schopenhauer's influence on Alinsky. About the only time I've heard of Schopenhauer was in a passing reference in a Ginger Rogers' film "Having a Wonderful Time"





where Rogers' pretentious character was given a copy of Schopenhauer's Essays as a going away present. I don't know for certain, but the screenplay writers could've been making an oblique reference to get pass the censors to another Schopenhauer work, "The Metaphysics Of The Love Of The Sexes" since the film was supposed to be a RomCom.

From the random quotes on the internet, which may or may not be accurate and/or taken completely out of context




















Schopenhauer was a misanthrope:


 
Admittedly, from the few alleged quotes I've seen, I'm not motivated to track down the primary sources to confirm or deny their authenticity.
 
I would think that Schopenhauer fans would be offended by the comparison to Saul Alinsky, but apparently, it's vice versa, from the Alinsky Now 04/03/2014 blog post "Koch Ascending the Pharonic Pulpit"

"BTW, Mr. Koch, Saul Alinsky never advocated character assassination and he certainly wasn't a 'collectivist'"
 

ICYMI, Alinsky dedicated his book to Lucifer, from D. L. Adams January 2010 "New English Review" article "Saul Alinsky and the Rise of Amorality in American Politics"




 

Of course the über-left apologists, Media Matters, bend of backward and do the yoga wheel position to rationalize Alinsky praising Satan, from Oliver Willis September 20, 2010  article "Beck misreads Alinsky to link teachers to Satan":
 

"What apparently got Beck's worn-out conspiracy senses tingling was a reference to 'Lucifer' on a page of quotations at the beginning of the book...Alinsky references Lucifer as a radical that won his own kingdom (apparently, Hell), but doesn't dedicate his book to the Devil, as Beck claims"

 
Quibble, quibble, lie, lie, lie. See, Alinsky was praising "Lucifer" and not "Satan", so Media Matters thinks Beck is the weirdo.



Rush Limbaugh added his 2 cents worth on Koch's essay on April 03, 2014 "Charles Koch Pushes Back in Op-Ed"
 
 
"'I believe that cronyism is nothing more than welfare for the rich and powerful, and should be abolished,' and you know, if I can make another side observation, it is crony capitalism that Obama is engaging in. And in the process, he's corrupting various industries or individual companies by luring them into relationships with his administration."
 
And if I may add my impolitic 2 cents, I agree with Brian Phillips 3/21/2012 article "'Crony Capitalism' is Fascism." 

"Unable to convince consumers and competitors to act voluntarily, they resort to government force. The proper name for such a system is fascism. In a fascist system, property is privately “owned,” but its use is dictated and controlled by government officials."



 
 
 

Saturday, April 12, 2014

New York Times crossword clue "Suffix w/ social"

I was stoked that I finished The New York Times Sunday crossword puzzle "At Times" from Sun 4/6/14 that appeared in the local free hippy dippy newspaper 4/8-14/14 Dayton City Paper:

 
Another blogger, Man vs. Puzzle, presumably who belongs to the evil greedy 1% and actually pays for a subscription to the New York Times, posted the solution to the 4/6/14 puzzle.
 
 
About the only clue that stood out to me is 31 Across "Suffix with social" whose answer is "ism". This reminded me of the Glenn Beck Show somewhat mean spirited shtick, similar to Jay Walking, called "More-On Trivia", where Beck et al (10 Across) make fun of poor folk taught in US govt schools:
 
 
and a video w/a different contestant w/a slightly different answer @2:51




FYI, for people who didn't have siblings who grew up in the 1970s, the Beckians were quoting song lyrics from Paul Revere and the Raiders, "Indian Reservation," in the above clip.




 


George Gershwin 's "Rhapsody in Blue" in Neil deGrasse Tyson "Cosmos"


At the end of  "Cosmos : A Spacetime Odyssey Episode 5"


 



host Neil deGrasse Tyson explains how just relying on astronomical data from the visible wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum would be similar to only listening to music composed in one octave, since there are more waves that extend beyond the ROYGBIV rainbow (IR on one end, and UV on the other). From NASA's education outreach page "What Wavelength Goes With a Color?"
 
 
 
 
 Thus making the tweet either a witting or unwitting pun:
 

 
For some reason, the descriptive video service audio channel recorded thru the program, describing "psychedelic" colors schemes accompanying George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" (for people who weren't band nerds and didn't catch the musical reference).
 
 
 

 
 
 
An unadulterated and unabridged "Rhapsody in Blue"
 
 

 
 
Don't know why nobody has been inspired to extrapolate and compose a multicolor ROYGBIV Rhapsody.  Doubt they'll face the same problem poor Colin Matthews did who extended Holst "Planets" from BBC News Thursday, 16 March, 2000 "Pluto joins Holst's Planets"
 

 
 
 
 w/"Pluto"
 

 
 
 
 
only to have his inert inspiration demoted to a planetoid a few years later, from  "Guardian" article "Can you have a Planets suite without Pluto?"
 
 
It's very unlikely the rainbow will be demoted from the visible wavelength spectrum.
 
Of course, hippy dippy Jerry Garcia came up with "Rhapsody in Red":
 


and Japanese Jinguji Ren have "Rhapsody in Orange"





There doesn't seem to be a composition "Rhapsody in Yellow" but background music (noise) for a documentary by that name:




A Green Rhapsody:





An Indigo Rhapsody from what sounds like it should've been in the soundtrack of some 1980s John Hughes' high school flick:





Couldn't find a composition named "Violet Rhapsody" but apparently, there's an indie band by that name:




 
and, finally, Glenn Miller already wrote a "Rainbow Rhapsody":
 

 
 
However, there seems to be room for both an infrared and ultraviolet  rhapsody. Of course, future composers can pull a Rodgers and Hammerstein who wrote "Shall We Dance" for "The King and I":
 

 
after George and Ira Gershwin already wrote a song of the same title for the Astaire and Rogers' film "Shall We Dance?"
 

 
 
 

Sunday, April 6, 2014

#Fibonacci #EasterBunny marshmallow peep sequence


I made a Fibonacci marshmallow Easter bunny peep sequence:











For non-nerds who don't get the joke, a brief explanation from the UK on Fibonacci Numbers and the Golden Section :


The Fibonacci numbers are

The golden section numbers are
0·61803 39887... = phi = φ and
1·61803 39887... = Phi = Φ

 
Admittedly, until relatively recently, I wouldn't have gotten the joke, either. I was aware that the Fibonacci sequence existed as a mathematical curiosity, but was unaware that it was developed to explain how rabbits breed. I just happened to learn this fact by watching a documentary on Julia Robinson, the first female president of the American Mathematical Society, and contributor to the solution of Hilbert's 10th Problem:






From a downloadable link to the transcript of the above documentary "Julia Robinson and Hilbert's Tenth Problem"
ANNA SALAMON (1998 Julia Robinson Prize Winner)

There’s a sequence of numbers called the Fibonacci numbers and the way you get them is the first and second Fibonacci numbers are one. And after that you get the next one by adding the two before it. So one and one is two, one and two is three, two and three is five, three and five is eight, and you just keep going forever. The Fibonacci numbers were invented by Leonardo of Pisa, who was called Fibonacci because he was the son of Bonacci, in the year 1220 to solve a problem involving the reproduction of rabbits.


STEVE GIVANT

Let me read to you a translation of the original statement of Fibonacci’s problem from the  Liber Abacci. “A man put one pair of rabbits in a certain place, entirely surrounded by a wall. How many pairs of rabbits can be produced from that pair in a year if the nature of rabbits is such that every month each pair bears a new pair which from the second month on become productive?”
 

An illustration of how Fibonacci Numbers describe bunny breeding is included on Tom Wolverson's 2/1/14 blog post "Perfect Proportion? The Golden Ratio?" (warning! his post begins w/a big photo of a woman's derriere, so it's PG13):












Julia Robinson worked w/a Soviet mathematician, Yuri Matijasevich, to help solve Hilbert's 10th (H10) problem. Yuri used Fibonacci numbers to help solve H10 from pdf download "My Collaboration with Julia Robinson" by Yuri Matijasevich:





In particular, the sequence

0,1,3,8,21 . . . . (14)

of Fibonacci numbers with even indices satisfies the recurrence relation

{b.+l = 3(I). - 6 . - 1 (15)

similar to (7). This sequence grows like [(3 + V5)/2]" and can be used instead of (11) for constructing a relation of exponential growth.


Matlab provided a link to a free Matlab code to create a Fibonacci sequence

Since the linked site requires log in, I copied and pasted the text


fibonacci series

by


02 Jan 2014 (Updated )

a code in order to display the fibonacci series in and to find the nth term


fibnoacci.m


%fibonacci series in Matlab
clc
clear all
a=input('the term upto which one wants to have fibonacci series:   ');
k=1;
b=0;
for i=0:a-1
    j=b+k;
    disp(j)
    t=k;
    k=j;
    b=t;
    f{i+1}=j;
end
g=input('enter the fibonaccis nth term:');
f{g}

 
However, the problem with the above code is that it doesn't calculate the first two terms of the Fibonacci sequence.


I merged Atluri  Krishna Sagar's code from above with


MatLab Fibonacci Sequence Script :

%Clear screen and memory

clear; clc;

n = input('n (number of Fibonacci terms to compute): ');

f(1) = 1;

f(2) = 1;

for i = 3:n

str = sprintf('%d term Fibonacci Sequence', i);

disp(str);

f(i) = f(i-1) + f(i-2)

end

Below are some screen shots and a brief refresher on how to run Matlab scripts:

 




 
 

0) Find a copy of Matlab or find someone who has a copy. If you're on a university website, then most colleges have site licenses. Simply do a program search and click to open copy.



 


1) make certain "Current Folder" in "Command" window linked to saved folder
2) hit new script doc icon to open up "Editor" window



3) copy and paste green text code above into script "Editor" window
4) w/ drag down "File" menu command, save file w/name like "fibonacci" or "fibnum" into "Current Folder"





5) type name of script (w/o .m file extension)  into Matlab "Command" window and hit "Enter" button to run script
 


When you run the above script, an Example Input :
 
n (number of Fibonacci terms to compute): 8

And an Example Output :

3 term Fibonacci Sequence
f =
1 1 2
4 term Fibonacci Sequence
f =
1 1 2 3
5 term Fibonacci Sequence
f =
1 1 2 3 5
6 term Fibonacci Sequence
f =
1 1 2 3 5 8
7 term Fibonacci Sequence
f =
1 1 2 3 5 8 13
8 term Fibonacci Sequence
f=
1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21

Thus, illustrating Yuri's Eqn (14) in paper above that the even terms (i.e. every other term) of the Fibonacci sequence are indeed 0,1,3,8,21 . . . .
 
A " Fibonacci Numbers in Matlab" post  gives the Matlab code for calculating the aforementioned Golden Ration Φ ~ 1.61803.....
  
The simple code is here:

%Clear screen and memory
clear; clc; format compact
% Initialize the first two values
f(1) = 1;
f(2) = 1;
% Create the first 30 Fibonacci numbers
for i = 3 : 30
% Perform the sum of terms accordingly

f(i) = f(i-1) + f(i-2);
% Calculate and display the ratio of 2 consecutive elements % of the series

golden_ratio = f(i)/f(i-1);
str = [num2str(f(i)) ' 'num2str(f(i-1)) ' ' ...
num2str(golden_ratio, 10)];
disp(str)

end
 

Each line shows three elements: a number in the series, its predecessor and the quotient of the first number divided by the second. The results in Matlab are here:

2 1 2
3 2 1.5
5 3 1.666666667
8 5 1.6
13 8 1.625
21 13 1.615384615
34 21 1.619047619
55 34 1.617647059
89 55 1.618181818
144 89 1.617977528
233 144 1.618055556
377 233 1.618025751
610 377 1.618037135
987 610 1.618032787
1597 987 1.618034448
2584 1597 1.618033813
4181 2584 1.618034056
6765 4181 1.618033963
10946 6765 1.618033999
17711 10946 1.618033985
28657 17711 1.61803399
46368 28657 1.618033988
75025 46368 1.618033989
121393 75025 1.618033989
196418 121393 1.618033989
317811 196418 1.618033989
514229 317811 1.618033989
832040 514229 1.618033989

 
You can see that, in fact, the quotient of two consecutive numbers reaches the 'golden ratio' after just a few numbers in the series.


 
Hence, to conclude, a Golden Ratio of little bunny Φ Φs ( instead of the more traditional little bunny foo foos) where Φ=1.6...and 1= 1 Golden Bunny; Decimal Point=Sugar Egg; 6=6 little foil bunnies.





 

Saturday, April 5, 2014

Castle Maxixe Makes Cameo in Masterpiece Theater

 
Castle Maxixe dance and music:
 

 

made a cameo in PBS Masterpiece Theater "Mr. Selfridge" playing in the background of the party scene in Delphine Day's club of Season 2, Episode 1          
 
 
 
video
 
 
Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers also danced the Castle Maxixe in The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle, but there isn't a clip on youtube, so you'll have to download the video if you wish to enjoy their displays of Terpsichorean artistry.
 
However, there was a clip of Ginger Rogers dancing with Johnny Carson:
 

 
 
Rather odd everyone appears civil in this clip b/c Ginger slags off Carson in her autobiography "Ginger: My Story" for being so gauche as to ask her how old she was. Of course, in today's age of imdb, it's more challenging if not well nigh impossible for actresses to hide their true ages, as another one of Ginger Roger's nemesis, Katharine Hepburn, tried in Love Among the Ruins